PC-BSD Q&A in this Week’s DistroWatch Issue

Jesse Smith from DistroWatch recently asked DistroWatch readers to submit questions about PC-BSD.  The questions, with Dru Lavigne’s answers, can be read in this week’s issue of Distrowatch.

The questions asked were:

  • What is your opinion on the differences between the BSD license and the GPL, and how it works for how BSD does things? Why would a developer choose a license which allows a commercial entity to use their code and make money from it without giving anything back (i.e. OS X)?
  • Going back to the basics, it’d be interesting to know why one might choose a BSD operating system over a Linux distro, and vice versa. What is/are the core function(s) of BSD, and what sets it apart from Linux (other than the different licensing schemes)?
  • What are some of the philosophical differences between the BSD kernel and Linux kernel coders? And can things like drivers be shared between the two camps?
  • Could you please compare and contrast BSD Ports and Linux package management?
  • I would appreciate hearing your insight into the Oracle/Google lawsuit, Java and patent issues. I would also love to hear about your perspective on some of the new upstart BSD distros that include installers and GNOME/KDE (PC-BSD, GhostBSD, GNOBSD).
  • I would love to try a BSD distro, and I like the look of PC-BSD, but I don’t want to download the large DVD image. Are there plans for a live CD edition any time soon? Perhaps one with Xfce or LXDE instead of KDE?
  • It is already possible to install ZFS from the GUI installer of PC-BSD. In fact I was able to establish a functioning mirrored “rootpool” using the installer with a minimum of fuss. The problem is that there is no default (suggested) file system layout that is specifically tailored to zpools (like there is in OpenSolaris) and you have to create your own, unlike the default (or suggested) UFS layout provided by the PC-BSD installer. This puts a premium on user knowledge. So I was wondering if future installers will have an even more “user-friendly” approach to ZFS installation, where ideal partition layouts are recommended by the installer?
  • Will there be any attempt to improve on the power and flexibility of the BTX bootloader that PC-BSD uses? Is it even conceivable that PC-BSD might incorporate GRUB 2? Right now it is supposed to be possible to install GRUB on PC-BSD, but I think people have had a lot trouble doing this, with GRUB 2 at any rate.
  • I’ve tried to install PC-BSD, but if it’s not video issues on my new machine it’s boot issues on the old one. What can a relative computer Luddite like myself (who’ll try something but probably never dig that deep into getting it to work) do to encourage better hardware compatibility on future releases?
  • I have been using PC-BSD and plain FreeBSD (with KDE) for quite a while. With FreeBSD you have the option of using it in “rolling-release style” by upgrading your ports on a regular basis. But you can restrict your port upgrades and just upgrade those ports that have security vulnerabilities if you like. Just run portaudit and it will tell you what needs upgrading. Now, as you know, PC-BSD is not a rolling release (unless you use the ports system with it and want to constantly upgrade). But I have noticed that the number of “system updates” in PC-BSD are very few and far between. They seem even fewer then just the security patches provided by FreeBSD (i.e. the portupgrades applied only to the vulnerable ports). So my question is, in light of these fewer system updates, is PC-BSD more insecure then FreeBSD? (I am assuming that one is not using the ports system with PC-BSD.) I realize that a lot of the vulnerabilities that portaudit reports are only relevant if you are using a server, but this is not universally true, and I can’t shake the feeling that PC-BSD is significantly behind the curve when it comes to providing package updates that eliminate security problems. If PC-BSD has a flaw relative to FreeBSD (or most Linux distros) this might be it.
  • Is there anything else you’d like to add about the PC-BSD project or BSD in general?

Read the answers: Interview (by Jesse Smith)

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