BSD Magazine 2010/07: OpenBSD

July’s issue of the BSD Magazine can now be downloaded: BSD magazine 2010/07: OpenBSD.

Olga Kartseva, chief editor, wrote that the BSD Magazine archives are available now for freebsd-announce mailinglist subscribers without having to subscribe to the BSD Mag newsletter.

This is the table of contents of the OpenBSD issue:

Building a Desktop Firewall with pf and fwbuilder

This article is an excerpt from the Firewalls and VPNs chapter of the book The Best of FreeBSD Basics (ISBN 9780979034220), published by Reed Media Publishing.
- Dru Lavigne

OpenBSD Some Interesting One Floppy Systems

One floppy systems are very practical, as they usually have a specific goal, which cannot be said about all Live CD’s.
- JURAJ SIPOS

Remote Installation of the FreeBSD Operating System without a Remote Console

This article documents the remote installation of the FreeBSD operating system when the console of the remote system is unavailable. The main idea behind this article is the result of a collaboration with Martin Matuska mm@FreeBSD.org with valuable input provided by Pawel Jakub Dawidek jd@FreeBSD.org.
- DANIEL GERZO

OpenBSD as a Mail Server

In a previous document, we built redundant firewalls using the CARP and PFSYNC protocols; these were the first building blocks of a hypothetical, penBSD-based, small private networkthat we are going to build step by step across several documents.
- DANIELE MAZZOCCHIO

Performance Comparison ITTIA DB and SQLite

ITTIA DB SQL and SQLite are used by software developers to manage information stored in applications and devices. Designed to be hidden from the end-user, these embedded relational database management systems are linked into the application or firmware as self-contained software libraries.
- Sasan Montaseri

Interview with Jeff Roberson
- Jesse Smith

FreeBSD Experience and Success Story
- JOSHUA EBARVIA

FreeBSD quick news and links (28/06/2010)

PC-BSD Installer

The new PC-BSD installer (available as GUI and text installer), which is also able to install plain FreeBSD, has now been committed to the FreeBSD source tree. This video goes into the details of the installer.

Kris Moore: PC-SYSINSTALL – A new system installer backend for PC-BSD and FreeBSD

BSD Certification

The BSD Certification Group needs reviewers for the BSDA exam objectives.

BSDA Certification Exam can be taken at MeetBSD 2010, Cracow, Poland: BSDA Certification, Cracow

Help test ZFS v15

ZFS v15 brings in user and group quotas and help is needed to test, before it’s imported.

I would like to do a call for testing for my ZFS v15 patch.

As the user/group quotas feature is too much attractive for my needs, I couldn’t resist and have created (and debugged + tested) a ZFS v15 patch for head (applies cleanly against stable/8 as well).

It is a backport of several onnv-revisions, always consulting pjd’s p4 tree and includes four post-9396 related user/groupquota bugfixes. The bootcode (zfsimpl.h) is properly updated to support v15 as well, the python part is modified (paths, smb support, ioctls).  Continues

Nvidia Releases a Much Improved Video Driver

Nvidia announced on June 22nd the final and stable version of the 256.x proprietary driver for Nvidia graphics cards. Nvidia 256.35 incorporates lots of fixes and improvements, over previous releases. Unofficial GLX support was also added for a few OpenGL extensions, as well as Thermal Settings reporting improvements, Compiz fixes, many VDPAU improvements, and many more. Without further introduction, let’s take a look at some of the most important changes brought by the Nvidia 256.35 video driver (via)

Press Release

FreeBSD Developer position

iXsystems is looking for a Senior Software Engineer:

SR. SOFTWARE ENGINEER in San Jose, CA. FreeBSD driver & kernel dev; prog in C/C++, PHP, SQL/x86 assembly lang; eng group; tools/env & tech writing skills; Reqs: BSCS + 5 yrs. exp. (source)

iXsystems is the all-around FreeBSD company that builds FreeBSD certified servers and storage solutions, runs the FreeBSD Mall, and is the corporate sponsor of PC-BSD and FreeNAS.

New FreeBSD Committers

The following people have been awarded commit privileges in recent weeks:

  • Andrey V. Elsukov (source)
  • Matthew Fleming (source)
  • Ashish Shukla (ports)
  • Brendan Fabeny (ports)

BSD Can sponsored trip reports

The FreeBSD Foundation kindly sponsored a number of FreeBSD developers to attend BSDCan 2010 (videos here). These are links to some of the reports:

And one NetBSD link:

Testing NetBSD: Easy Does It

In a software project as large as NetBSD the interactions between different software components are not always immediately obvious to even the most skilled programmers. Tests help ensure that the system functions according to the desired criteria. Periodic automated runs of these tests with results visible on the web ensures both that tests are run in a regular fashion and that the results are available to all interested parties.

This short article explains the NetBSD test strategies and provides a brief overview of the enabling technologies. It also details how effortless it is to run the test suite and why doing so is in every developer’s, patch submitter’s and system administrator’s best interest. The intended audience is people with a keen interest in testing and quality assurance, and a desire to reduce personal headache. The article is written against NetBSD-current as of June 2010 and applies to what will eventually become NetBSD 6.

Read more: Automated Testing Framework (ATF)

New BSD Magazine issue: BSD firewalls

A new issue of the BSD Magazine is available. This time the main subject is BSD firewalls.

From the table of contents:

  • WebHostingBuzz: Matthew Russell, Dennis Arkhangelski
  • Introduction to Nano BSD: Daniel Gerzo
  • Secure Your Wireless with IPsec: Dan Langille
  • Redundant firewalls with OpenBSD, CARP and pfsync: Daniele Mazzocchio
  • Easier WINE Installation on amd64: Slawomir Wojtczak
  • Configuring IP-Based SSL: Skip Evans
  • BSD File Sharing – Part 4. SSH: Peter Topiaz
  • BSD Opinion: Rob Sommerville
  • SAP over BSD: Joseba Mendez

It would be interesting to see what you, readers, think of Webhostingbuzz, as I’ve not heard from them. I for one have very positive experience with RootBSD, the experts in BSD Hosting. They’re very efficient and customer-friendly.

BSDCan 2010 videos and photos

BSDCan 2010 is over. Time to glean pictures, videos and presentations:

FreeBSD Dev Summit

Videos (link)

Linux vs BSD with a little focus on OpenBSD

Juraj Sipos, the founder of MaheshaBSD, has published an article listing the difference between Linux and BSD:

“This article is not about the history of Unix; however, Unix is such a complex issue that it deserves few words in this respect: BSD family of Unix systems is based upon the source code of real Unix developed in Bell Labs, which was later purchased by the University of California. Thus, the name of the family of Unix systems called BSD is derived from “Berkeley Software Distribution”. The contemporary BSD systems stand on the source code that was released in the beginning of 1990’s (Net/2 Lite and 386/BSD release).

No one person or any entity owns BSD. Enthusiastic developers create it and many of its components are open-sourced.

BSD is behind the philosophy of TCP/IP networking and the Internet thereof; it is a developed Unix system with advanced features. Except for proprietary BSD/OS, the development of which was discontinued, there are currently four BSD systems available: FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD and Mac OS X, which is derived from FreeBSD. There are also various forks of these, like PC-BSD – a FreeBSD clone, or MirOS, an OpenBSD clone. The intention of such forks is to include various characteristics missing in the above BSD systems, on which these (forks), no matter how well they are designed, only strongly depend. PC-BSD, for example, has more graphical features than FreeBSD, but there are no substantial differences between these two. PC-BSD cannot breathe without FreeBSD; FreeBSD or OpenBSD are independent of one another.”

Continues (linuxmagazines.com): Linux vs BSD with a little focus on OpenBSD

BSD Magazine issue 2010-05: Embedded BSD

A new issue of the BSD Magazine is available as free PDF:  Embedded BSD (issue 2010-02)

This is the Table of Contents:

MaheshaBSD: A Live CD Project From The Lake Mansarovar

MaheshaBSD is the name for a Live CD project. Why Mahesha? What does it mean? Mahesha is one of the 1008 names of Lord Shiva – Supreme God of the universe who stands above all gods. This name was chosen because Shiva’s weapon is the same as the FreeBSD’s one – the trident. There is yet another important correlation – supremacy of the BSD code, which (as many IT professionals believe) stands supreme above all operating systems. The connection of Lord Shiva and BSD is therefore logical.

OpenBSD as a Primary Domain Controller

Once a Windows-based network grows beyond around a dozen computers, setting up a Primary Domain Controller to simplify and centralize the management of users, computers and network resources becomes a must. But does the Domain Controller necessarily have to be a Windows machine, thus meaning the end of our project of a completly OpenBSD-based server network?
Of course not! Once again, OpenBSD comes to our rescue and, with the help of a few additional pieces of software, it will turn into a full-blown, secure and reliable Domain Controller.

FreeBSD MySQL Clustering How-to

The PHP, MySQL and Apache stack is a very popular implementation on standalone BSD servers but in demanding high availability [HA] environments the twin spectres of redundancy and fail-over rear their heads. In these scenarios, it is essential to eliminate the single point of failure which is the enemy of 100% uptime.

BSD FILE SHARING – Part 3. FTP

Last time I wrote on SAMBA on different BSD’s. This time I am going to dedicate the article of the series to FTP. Some people do not know that the FTP protocol is the true BSD heritage, as it originated in the 1970′s at Berkeley University, so it is the right thing to dedicate it some space in the BSDMag anyway.

Exploring HAMMER

One of DragonFly’s features is a new file system, called HAMMER. HAMMER has, to quote from the man page, instant crash recovery, large file systems spanning multiple volumes, data integrity checking, fine-grained history retention, mirroring capability, and pseudo file systems HAMMER is available by default on DragonFly BSD.

Embedded OpenBSD

Unix-like operating systems aren’t picky at all. Despite the extreme physical conditions, they can take root on those old computers where most (proprietary) operating systems risk extinction and help them, after years of faithful service, to start new lives as firewalls, routers, proxies …
But sometimes this is not enough: servers must be reliable and old computers are (guess what?) … Old, and this increases their risk of disease. That’s why embedded systems are a great option: they are (relatively) inexpensive, silent, small , reliable … What else could you need? Ok, you have to learn to cohabit with very basic hardware, but the right OS, with the right configuration, will wallow in it!

Making Sense of Data Management on Intelligent Devices

The demand for embedded devices is growing rapidly, and there is a clear need for development of advanced software to deliver new features on limited hardware. Data management is a critical component in these new software systems. Embedded databases are used by portable media players to store information about music and video, GPS vehicle tracking systems to store map data, and monitoring systems to log information. These and other leading-edge industries have learned the importance of managing data reliably with a relational embedded data management system.

BSD in the Industry

After several years of slavery with windows based programs, many programs related with Industry or Engineering are opening the doors to the new trends of UNIX like OS. This is a natural evolution because as the Economy crisis strikes on whole World, the IT infrastructures are also under pressure to decrease at maximum the overall cost.

(Free)BSD quick news and links (week 16)

Welcome to the (Free)BSD leftovers for week 6. In this post we have a mix of news snippets, quick links, howto’s, links ’n software/package updates. Just a round up of those little things I saved up this week. Previous weeks’ roundups can be found here.

FreeBSD News

  1. FreeBSD & Google Summer of Code 2010
    FreeBSD Project is participating in Google’s Summer of Code programme for a sixth year. Undergraduate and graduate students are invited to apply for a grant to spend the summer improving the FreeBSD operating system! More information available on the FreeBSD Summer of code page.
    Students may now apply to participate at http://socghop.appspot.com/. Before applying you may wish to discuss your project ideas on the freebsd-hackers mailing list or on the #freebsd-soc IRC channel on EFNet. Project ideas can be found at: http://www.freebsd.org/projects/summerofcode.html
  2. Have you ever expressed your gratitude to a FreeBSD developer?
    You like FreeBSD and/or operating systems based on it, but have you have ever dropped that developer that maintains/implemented the feature that’s so important to you a note, saying “thank you”?
    Brandon Gooch, a system administrator at Southeastern Oklahoma State University, recently wrote the FreeBSD Foundation to express his gratitude towards FreeBSD developers in general and the recent wireless work in particular.


FreeBSD 9 developments (via):

  1. UFS journalling committed
    Jeff Roberson has committed soft-updates journalling to 9-CURRENT. It enables a small file system journal which works in combination with soft-updates to eliminate boot fsck’s. It is different from most other implementations of file system journalling in that it doesn’t journal raw blocks but sort of meta-data about meta-data
  2. GEOM disk IO scheduler framework
    A GEOM IO scheduler framework has been committed! The framework allows for multiple IO schedulers to be installed on top of GEOM providers (usually disk drives). As a consequence, potentially different schedulers can be installed on different drives. The work was done by Luigi Rizzo and Fabio Checconi.
  3. FreeBSD PowerPC 9.0 snapshot available (for testing)


FreeBSD Ports

  1. Can the current Ports directory and building of it be improved?
    “There has been some discussion lately about if and how to “revamp” the ports system to make it more usable by general users. (…) Unfortunately there has been very little feedback from users themselves – which is probably a mistake, but also – there was very little feedback from the population (not a particularily small one) that is the cross-section of users and developers. Some ideas were presented, but at the end it all started revolving around banding the gaps and smaller improvements that will, I think, be practically invisible to the end-users.”
    Ivan Voras has noted down his ideas in this post: of ports and of men.


Releases

  1. m0n0wall
    m0n0wall 1.32 is out, and it finally fixes the annoying Ethernet link state bug on ALIX boards (and others that use VIA network chips). Some more work has been done on IPv6 support, the DNS forwarder and the hardware monitor.
  2. NanoBSD
    NanoBSD on ALIX in iX 05/2010. This article  ago will appear on page 146 of ix magazine (DE) issue 05/2010


Websites / Social Media

  1. PC-BSD
    As far as i’m aware this page is not officially supported by PC-BSD  / iXsystems, but there is a Facebook PC-BSD page. There’s already quite a popular and active Facebook PC-BSD Group.
  2. iXsystems website
    As of this week iXsystems has a new website. I like the new version as it’s a lot cleaner and makes finding the right server easier. iXsystems is the corporate sponsor behind PC-BSD and FreeNAS.


Guides & Howto’s

  1. Setting up a headless torrent daemon in FreeBSD
    “I have FreeBSD running as a home server for a while now. One of the things I wanted the server to take care of is downloading torrents, so I could shut down my PC whenever I am downloading stuff. With transmission-daemon (net-p2p/transmission-daemon from ports) this is really simple.”  (tweakblogs.net)
  2. Run FreeNAS in Windows for Network Serving and Sharing
    Many of the popular servers are open source and usually are more widely supported for Linux and other Unix-like systems. However, most can be run right inside Windows. This is especially great for temporary solutions or for new or amateur administrators (serverwatch.com)


(Free)BSD Events

  1. Solution Linux 2010
    Last month   “Solutions Linux” took place in Paris, one of the major professional open source events in France. Here are some pictures of the BSD booths : http://www.bebik.net/cgi-bin/album.pl?album=2010SL
  2. A new BSDA Certification session will be held in Nantes, France on 1 June 2010 at BSDay Nantes. Check the BSD Certification calendar for events near you.
  3. BSD Professional Certification Exam Update
    A short progress report on what’s happening with the BSD


New FreeBSD Committers

Over the last few weeks a few more people have been given commit rights. It’s always good to see more people join the FreeBSD project.

  1. Ports
  • Sahil Tandon
  • Rene Ladan
  • Giuseppe Pilichi
  • Bernhard Fröhlich
  1. Source Code
  • Randi Harper
  • Ryan Stone
  • Ana Kukec


BSD / Unix Family News

  1. DragonFly BSD 2.6: towards a free clustering operating system
    This article gives in introduction into the background and history of DragonFlyBSD, its HAMMER filesystem, new features etc
    “The ultimate goal of DragonFly BSD is to allow programs to run across multiple machines as if they are running on one system. The operating system is still far from that goal, but Dillon has done a great deal of rewriting in nearly every subsystem of the kernel to lay the foundations for future work. Much of the rationale behind the design goals is explained on the project’s web site. It’s an interesting read, because it shows how they want to tackle an ambitious vision with a realistic plan…” continues (lwn.net)
  2. DragonFly BSD 2.6.1 with new swapcache released
    DragonFly BSD, the FreeBSD fork, has been updated to version 2.6.1 and incorporates a added a number of new features whilst updating the components of the clustering oriented operating system. A new swapcache has been incorporated which allows the swap space to also retain clean filesystem data and meta-data rather than just memory. (more)
  3. Why OpenBSD’s Release Process Works
    “Twelve years ago OpenBSD developers started engineering a release process that has resulted in quality software being delivered on a consistent 6 month schedule — 25 times in a row, exactly on the date promised, and with no critical bugs. This on-time delivery process is very different from how corporations manage their product releases and much more in tune with how volunteer driven communities are supposed to function. Theo de Raadt explains in this presentation how the OpenBSD release process is managed (video) and why it has been such a success”  (via)

  4. AIX 7.1 is coming
    IBM plans to deliver the next version of the AIX® operating system, AIX 7, and new releases of PowerVM™ and PowerHA SystemMirror for AIX. These new offerings are designed to help companies reduce cost, improve service and lower the risk of deploying and migrating applications to AIX on Power® Systems.The new capabilities planned for AIX 7 are designed to expand the scalability, reliability and manageability of AIX and the applications running on AIX. Key features will provide greater vertical scalability of up to 1024 threads or 256 cores in a single partition, a clustering infrastructure designed to provide highly availability applications with PowerHA SystemMirror and to simplify management of scale-out workloads. Additional AIX 7 will include new management capabilities based on IBM Systems Director that are designed to simplify the management of AIX system configuration. Finally AIX 7 will support the ability to run AIX 5.2 inside of a Workload Partition to allow consolidation of old workloads on new systems (source & more)
  5. IBM Prunes Low-Cost AIX Rev
    IBM has radically improved the bang for the buck on its Power7-based Power Systems 701 and 702 blade servers this week, and is expected to soon deliver similarly priced entry rack and tower servers. And now it has a new, lower-cost AIX 6.1 Express Edition that will match the less expensive hardware and therefore help Big Blue’s AIX platform better compete against Windows, Linux, HP-UX, and Solaris alternatives. The new AIX Express Edition takes the special low-cost pricing that was available only on JS series blade servers and now makes it available across the Power Systems line, including logical partitions on the largest Power 595 (and before too long Power 595) servers.